Publications, Talks & Press

Algeo, T. J., Ellwood, B., Nguyen, T.K.T., Rowe, H., Maynard, J.B. (2007), The Permian-Triassic boundary at Nhi Tao, Vietnam: Evidence for recurrent influx of sulfidic watermasses to a shallow-marine carbonate platform, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 252, 304-327.

Algeo, T., et al. (2007), The Permian-Triassic boundary crisis and Early Triassic biotic recovery, Palaeogeography.

Arndt N., C. Chauvel, G. Czamanske, V. Fedorenko (1998), Two mantle sources, two plumbing systems:  Tholeiitic and alkaline magmatism of the Maymecha River basin, Siberian flood volcanic province. Contrib. Min. Pet. 133, 297-313.

Arndt N.T., Czamanske G.K., Walker R.J., Chauvel C. and Fedorenko V.A. (2003) Geochemistry and origin of the intrusive hosts of the Noril’sk-Talnakh Cu-Ni-PGE sulfide deposits. Econ. Geol. 98, 495-515.

Arndt N.T., G.K. Czamanske, J.L. Wooden, et al. (1993) Mantle and crustal contributions to continental flood volcanism. Tectonophysics 223(1-2), 39-52.

Arndt, N., et al. (1995), Meimechites: highly magnesian lithosphere-contaminated alkaline magmas from deep subcontinental mantle, Lithos, 34(1-3), 41-59.

Arndt, N., et al. (1998), Two mantle sources, two plumbing systems: tholeiitic and alkaline magmatism of the Maymecha River basin, Siberian flood volcanic province, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 133(3), 297-313.

Arndt, N.T. (2005) The conduits of magmatic ore deposits. In: J. Mungall (ed) Exploration for Platinum-group Element Deposits Mineralogical Association of Canada, Spec. Volume.

Arndt, N.T., C.M. Lesher, and G.K. Czamanske (2005) Mantle-derived magmas and magmatic Ni-Cu-(PGE) deposits. Econ. Geol., 100th Aniversary volume, 5-24.

Aschepkov, I.V. et al. (2006a) Reconstruction of mantle sequences and the structure and vein magmatic systems beneath the kimberlite fields of the Siberian Platform. In Vladykin, N. V. (ed) Deep-seated magmatism, its sources and plumes. Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 79-103

Aschepkov, I.V. et al. (2006b) Variations of the oxygen conditions in mantle column beneath Siberian kimberlite pipes and its application to lithospheric structure of feeding systems. In Vladykin, N. V. (ed) Deep-seated magmatism, its sources and plumes. Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 125-145.

Aschepkov, V. I. et al. (2003) Clinopyroxene geotherms for the mantle column beneath kimberlite pipes form the Siberian Craton. Extd. Abstrs. 8th Internat. Kimberlite Conf., Victoria, Canada, unpaginated.

Basu A.R.,R.J. Poreda, P.R. Renne, F. Teichmann, Y.R. Vasilev, N.V. Sobolev, B.D. Turrin (1995) High-3He plume origin and temporal-spatial evolution of the Siberian flood basalts. Science 269, 822-825

Basu, A. R. , M. I. Petaev, R. J. Poreda, S. B. Jacobsen, and L. Becker (2003) Chondritic meteorite fragments associated with the Permian-Triassic boundary in Antarctica. Science 302(5649), 1388-1392.

Basu, A., et al. (1995), High-3He plume origin and temporal-spatial evolution of the Siberian flood basalts, Science, 269(5225), 822.

Basu, A., et al. (1998), Melting of the Siberian mantle plume, Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 2209-2212.

Baud A., M. Magaritz, W.T. Holser (1989) Permian-Triassic of the Tethys – carbon isotope studies. Geologische rundschau 78(2), 649-677.

Baud, A., Richoz, S. and Marcoux, J. (2005) Calcimicrobial cap rocks from the basal Triassic units: western Taurus occurrences (SW Turkey). Comptes Rendus Palevol 4, 501-514.

Becker, L., Poreda, R.J., Hunt, A.G., Bunch, T.E., and Rampino, M. (2001) Impact event at the Permian-Triassic boundary: Evidence from extraterrestrial noble gases in fullerenes. Science 291, 1530-1533.

Beerling D.J., M. Harfoot, B. Lomax, J.A. Pyle (2007) The stability of the stratospheri ozone layer during the end-Permian eruption of the Siberian Traps. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. A 365, 1843-1866. Doi:10.1098/rsta.2007.2046.

Bell, D. R., Buseck, P.R., Spinsby, J., Orstrom, P. (2005a) Carbonate Introduction to, Storage in, and Release from, Archean Subcontinental Mantle and its Environmental Impact. Eos, Trans. AGU 86(52) Fall Meet.Suppl., Abstract V51F-02

Bell, D.R., Grégoire, M., Grove, T.L., Chatterjee, N., Carlson, R.W., Buseck, P.R. (2005b) Si- and volatile element metasomatism of Archean mantle: a xenolith scale example from the Kaapvaal craton. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 150, 251-267

Benton M.J., R.J. Twitchett (2003) How to kill (almost) all life: the end-Permian extinction event. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18, 358-365.

Berner R.A. (2005) The carbon and sulfur cycles and atmospheric oxygen from middle Permian to middle Triassic. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 69(13), 3211-3217.

Berner, R.A. (2002) Examination of hypotheses for the Permo-Triassic boundary extinction by carbon cycle modeling. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 99, 4172-4177.

Bernstein, S., et al. (2000), Tertiary alkaline volcanics in the Nunatak Region, Northeast Greenland: new observations and comparison with Siberian maymechites, Lithos, 53(1), 1-20.

Beutel, E.K., Nomade, S., Fronabarger, A.K., and Renne, P.R. (2005) Pangea’s complex breakup: A new rapidly changing stress field model. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 236, 471-485.

Blackburn,T.,  Bowring, S.A.,  Dudas,F.A., and Crowley J. (2007) Geochronology and Thermochronology of lower crustal xenoliths from Montana: a temporal record of assembly, stabilization, and reactivation.  Abstract Geological Society of America , Annual Meeting, Denver Colorado.

Borisenko, A., et al. (2006), Permo-Triassic mineralization in Asia and its relation to plume magmatism, Russ. Geol. Geophys, 47, 166-182.

Bostock, M.G. (1998) Mantle stratigraphy and evolution of the Slave province. J. Geophys. Res. 103(B9), 21183-21200.

Bowring S.A., D.H. Erwin, Y.G. Jin, M.W. Martin, K. Davidek, W. Wang (1998) U-Pb zircon geochronology and the tempo of the end-Permian mass extinction. Science 280, 1039-1045.

Bowring, S.A. and Schmitz, M.D. (2004) High-precision U-Pb zircon geochronology and the stratigraphic record in Hanchar, J.M., and Hoskin, P.W.O., Zircon. Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 53, 305-326.

Boyd, F. R., Pokhilenko, N. P., Pearson, D. G., Mertzman, S. A., Sobolev, N. V. and Finger L. W. (1997) Composition of the Siberian cratonic mantle: evidence from Udachnaya peridotite xenoliths. Contrib. Min. Pet. 128, 228-246.

Buchl, A., and S. Gier (2003), Petrogenesis and alteration of tuffs associated with continental flood basalts from Putorana, northern Siberia, Geological Magazine, 140(6), 649-659.

Burke K., D.S. MacGregor, N.R. Cameron. (2003) African petroleum systems, four tectonic aces in the past 600 million years, in Petroleum geology of Africa; new themes and developing technologies. Geological Society London Special Publication, vol. 207, T.J. Arthur, D.S. Macgregor, N.R. Cameron, eds., 21- 60.

Burke, K. and Torsvik, T.H., (2004) Derivation of large igneous provinces of the past 200 million years from long-term heterogeneities in the deep mantle. Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 227, 531-538.

Burov, E., Guillou-Frottier, L. (2005) The plume-head – continental lithosphere interaction using a tectonicallyrealistic formulation for the lithosphere. Geophys. J. Int’l 161, 469-490.

Callot, J., et al. (2004), Flow patterns in the Siberian traps deduced from magnetic fabric studies, Geophysical Journal International, 156(3), 426-430.

Campbell I.H., G.K. Czamanske, V.A. Fedorenko, R.I. Hill, V. Stepanov (1992) Synchronism of the Siberian traps and the Permian-Triassic boundary. Science 258 (5089), 1760-176

Carlson, R., et al. (2006), A comparison of Siberian meimechites and kimberlites: Implications for the source of high-Mg alkalic magmas and flood basalts, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7(11), 1-21.

Chenet A.L., Fluteau F., Courtillot V. (2005) Modelling massive sulphate aerosol pollution, following the large 1783 Laki basaltic eruption. Earth Plant. Sci. Lett. 236(3-4), 721-731.

Cherenkov, V.G., Komarov, A.N., Cherenkova, A.F., and Ilupin, I.P. (1986) On the age of kimberlites of the Kharamai field. Dokl. Ac. Sci. 386, 196-199.

Chou C.-L., K.C. Hackley, G.L. Donnals, J. Cao, R.R. Ruch (1992) Evolution of hydrogen chloride during temperature-programmed pyrolysis of Illinois coal. Geol. Soc. Am. Prog. Abstr. 24, A202.

Cocks, L., and T. Torsvik (2007), Siberia, the wandering northern terrane, and its changing geography through the Palaeozoic, Earth Science Reviews, 82(1-2), 29-74.

Cordery, M., et al. (1997), Genesis of flood basalts from eclogite-bearing mantle plumes, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 102(B9), 20179-20197.

Courtillot V.E. and P.R. Renne (2003) On the ages of flood basalt events. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 335, 113-140.

Crowley, J., Bowring, S.A., Shen, S., Wang, Y., Cao, C., and Jin, Y. (2006a) U-Pb zircon geochronology of the end-Permian mass extinction. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70(18), supplement 1, 119.

Crowley, J.L., M.D. Schmitz, S.A. Bowring,  M.L. Williams,  K.E. Karlstrom (2006b) U-Pb and Hf isotopic analysis of zircon in lower crustal xenoliths from the Navajo volcanic field: 1.4 Ga mafic magmatism and metamorphism beneath the Colorado Plateau. Contrib. Mineral. Pet. 151(3), 313-330.

Czamanske G.K., A.B. Gurevitch, V. Fedorenko, O. Simonov (1998) Demise of the Siberian plume: Paleogeographic and paleotectonic reconstruction from the prevolcanic and volcanic record, North-central Siberia. Int’l Geol. Rev. 40, 95-115.

Czamanske, G.K. (2002) Petrographic and geochemical characterization of ore-bearing intrusions of the Noril’sk type, Siberia; with discussion of their origin and full datasets

Dalrymple B.G., G.K. Czamanske, V.A. Fedorenko, O.N. Simonov, M.A. Lanphere, A.P. Lihachev (1995) A reconnaissance 40Ar/39Ar geochronological sudy of ore-bearing and related rocks, Siberian Russia. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 59, 2071-2083.

Dobretsov N.L., V.A. Vernikovsky (2001) Mantle plumes and their geologic manifestations. Int’l Geol. Rev. 43, 771-787.

Egorkin, A.V., Zuganov, S.K., Pavlenkova, N.A. and Chernyshov, N.M. (1987) Results of lithospheric studies from long-range profiles in Siberia. Tectonophysics 140, 29-47.

Elkins Tanton L.T. and B. Hager (2000) Melt intrusion as a trigger for lithospheric foundering and the eruption of the Siberian flood basalt, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 3937-3940.

Elkins-Tanton L.T. (2005) Continental magmatism caused by lithospheric delamination, in Plates, Plumes, and Paradigms, eds. G.R. Foulger, J.H. Natland, D.C. Presnall, D.L. Anderson, Geological Society of America, 449-461.

Elkins-Tanton L.T. and T.L. Grove (2003) Evidence for deep melting of hydrous, metasomatized mantle: Pliocene high potassium magmas from the Sierra Nevadas. J Geophys Res 108, 2350, DOI 101029/2002JB002168.

Elkins-Tanton, L. T. (2007), Continental magmatism, volatile recycling, and a heterogeneous mantle caused by lithospheric gravitational instabilities, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 112(B3).

Elkins-Tanton, L. T., et al. (2007), The last lavas erupted during the main phase of the Siberian flood volcanic province: results from experimental petrology, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(2), 191-209.

Ernst, R., and K. Buchan (2002), Maximum size and distribution in time and space of mantle plumes: evidence from large igneous provinces, Journal of Geodynamics, 34(2), 309-342.

Erwin D.E. (1994) The Permo-Triassic extinction. Nature 367, 231-236.

Erwin, D. (2002), End-Permian mass extinctions: A review, Geological Society of American Special Paper, 356, 363-383.

Erwin, D. (2003), Impact at the Permo-Triassic boundary: a critical evaluation, Astrobiology, 3(1), 67-74.

Erwin, D. H. (2006) Extinction: How Life nearly died 250 million years ago.
Princeton Universiity Press, Princeton NJ, 296 p.

Evans, D. (2006), Proterozoic low orbital obliquity and axial-dipolar geomagnetic field from evaporite palaeolatitudes, Nature, 444(7115), 51-55.

Fedorenko V.A., P.C. Lightfoot, A.J. Naldrett, G.K. Czamanske, C.J. Hawkesworth, J.L. Wooden, D.S. Ebel (1996) Petrogenesis of the flood-basalt sequence at Noril’sk, North-central Siberia. Int’l Geo. Rev. 38, 99-135.

Fedorenko VA, Czamanske GK (1997) Results of new field and geochemical studies of the volcanic and intrusive rocks of the Maymecha-Kotuy area, Siberian flood-basalt province, Russia. Int’l Geo Rev 39, 479-531.

Finkelman R.B., C.A. Palmer, M.R. Krasnow, P.J. Aruscavage, G.A. Sellers, F.T. Dulong (1990) Combustion and leaching behavior of elements in the Argonne Premium Coal samples. Energy and Fuels 4, 755-766.

Finkelman R.B., N.H. Bostick, F.T. Dulong, F.E. Senftle, A.N. Thorpe (1998) Influence of an igneous intrusion on the inorganic geochemistry of a bituminous coal from Pitkin County, Colorado. Int’l J. Coal Geology 36, 223-241.

Flügel, E. (1982) Microfacies analysis of limestones (Springer, New York).

Fraiser, M. L. and Bottjer, D. J. (2004) The non-actualistic Early Triassic gastropod fauna: A case study of the Lower Triassic Sinbad Limestone member. Palaios 19, 259-275.

Francis, D. (1995), The implications of picritic lavas for the mantle sources of terrestrial volcanism, Lithos, 34(1-3), 89-105.

Ganino, C., N.T. Arndt (2007) Interaction of the magma with the sedimentary wall rock and magnetite ore genesis in the Panzhihua mafic layered intrusion, SW China. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71(15) A305-A305 Suppl. S.

Gibson, S. (2002), Major element heterogeneity in Archean to Recent mantle plume starting-heads, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 195(1-2), 59-74.

Gibson, S., et al. (2000), Ferropicrites: geochemical evidence for Fe-rich streaks in upwelling mantle plumes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 174(3-4), 355-374.

Goodarzi F. and A. Cameron (1990) Organic petrology and elemental distribution in thermally altered coals from Telkra, British Columbia. Energy Sources 12, 315-343.

Gornostayev S.S., Walker R.J., Hanski E.J. and Popovchenko S.E. (2004) Evidence for the emplacement of ca. 3.0 Ga lithospheric mantle in the Ukrainian Shield. Precamb. Res. 132, 349-362.

Grard, A., et al. (2005), Basaltic volcanism and mass extinction at the Permo-Triassic boundary: Environmental impact and modeling of the global carbon cycle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 234(1-2), 207-221.

Grice, K., Cao, C. Q., Love, G. D., Bottcher, M. E., Twitchett, R. J., Grosjean, E., Summons, R. E., Turgeon, S. C., Dunning, W. and Jin, Y. G. (2005) Photic zone euxinia during the Permian-Triassic superanoxic event. Science 307, 706-709.

Grice, K., et al. (2005), A potential biomarker for the Permian-Triassic ecological crisis, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 236(1-2), 315-321.

Grice, K., et al. (2005), Photic zone euxinia during the Permian-Triassic superanoxic event, Science, 307(5710), 706-709.

Griffin, W. L., Natapov, L. M., O’Reilly, S. Y., van Achterbergh, E., Cherenkova, A.F., Cherenkov, V. G. (2005) The Kharamai kimberlite field, Siberia: modification of the lithospheric mantle by the Siberian Trap event. Lithos 81, 167-187.

Griffin, W. L., Ryan, C. G., Kaminsky, F. V., O’Reilly, S. Y., Natapov, L. M., Win, T. T., Kinny, P. D., Ilupin, I. P. (1999a) The Siberian lithosphere traverse: mantle terranes and the assembly of the Siberian craton. Tectonophys. 310, 1-35.

Gupta, A., et al. (2002), Experimental studies on three potassium-rich ultramafic rocks from Damodar Valley, East India, Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2), 343-360.

Gurevich, E.L., Khramov, A.N., Rodionov, V.P., Deckers, M., Fedorov, P.V. (2005) Paleomagnetism of Ordovician and Devonian sedimentary rocks in the northwest of the Russian platform: New constraints on the Baltica kinematics in the Paleozoic and the remagnetization in the Permian-Triassic. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth 41(7), 555-570.

Gurevitch E.L., C. Heunemann, V. Rad’ko, M. Westphal, V. Bachtadse, J.P. Pozzi, H. Feinberg (2004) Palaeomagnetism and magrnetostratigraphy of the Permian-Triassic northwest central Siberian Trap Basalts. Tectonophysics 379, 211-226.

Gusev B.V. (1970a) Stratification of effusive piles of NW of the Siberian platform with paleomagnetic data. NIIGA (Research Institite of geology of  Arctic) Transactions (162), 35-46. Publ. “Nedra”, Leningrad.

Gusev B.V. (1970b) Paleomagnetic stratification of effusive piles of NW of the Siberian platform. Materials of VIII Conference on main magnetic field and paleomagnetism. Publ.”Naukova Dumka”, 47-50.

Hales, T.C., Abt, D.L., Humphreys, E.D., Roering, J.J. (2005) – a1A lithospheric instability origin for Columbia River flood basalts and Wallowa Mountains uplift in northeast Oregon. Nature 438, 842-845, doi:10.1038/nature04313

Hallam, A. (1991) Why was there a delayed radiation after the end-Paleozoic extinctions? Historical Biology 5, 257-262.

Hautmann, M. (2004) Effect of end-Triassic CO2 maximum on carbonate sedimentation and marine mass extinction. Facies 50, 257-261.

Hawkesworth, C., et al. (1995), Magma differentiation and mineralisation in the Siberian continental flood basalts, Lithos, 34(1-3), 61-88.

Herzberg, C., and M. O’Hara (2002), Plume-associated ultramafic magmas of Phanerozoic age, Journal of Petrology, 43(10), 1857-1883.

Heunemann, C., et al. (2004), Directions and intensities of the Earth’s magnetic field during a reversal: results from the Permo-Triassic Siberian trap basalts, Russia, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 218(1-2), 197-213.

Holser W.T., M. Magaritz (1992) Cretaceous-Tertiary and Permian-Triassic Boundary Events Compared. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56(8), 3297-3309.

Holser W.T., M. Magaritz, D.I. Clark (1986) Carbon-Isotope Stratigraphic Correlations In The Late Permian. Am. J. Sci. 286(5), 390-402.

Horacek M., R. Brandner, R. Abart (2007) Carbon isotope record of the P/T boundary and the Lower Triassic in the Southern Alps: Evidence for rapid changes in storage of organic carbon. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 252(1-2), 347-354.

Horan, M., et al. (1995), Osmium and neodymium isotopic constraints on the temporal and spatial evolution of Siberian flood basalt sources, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 59(24), 5159-5168.

Hosmer, D.W., and Lemeshow, S. (2000) Applied Logistic Regression: New York, Wiley, 375 p.

Hotinski, R.M., Bice, K.L., Kump, L.R., Najjar, R.G., Arthur, M.A. (2001) Ocean stagnation and end-Permian anoxia. Geology 29(1), 7-10.

Huey, R.B. and Ward, P.D. (2005) Hypoxia, global warming, and terrestrial Late Permian extinctions. Science 308, 398-401.

Il’yukhina N.P. and N.G. Verbitskaya (1976) Formation condictions and stratigraphy of Carboniferous coal deposits of the Siberian platform. Int’l Geo. Rev. 19, 429-440.

Ionov D.A., Shirey S.B., Weis D. and Brugmann G. (2006) Os-Hf-Sr-Nd isotope and PGE systematics of spinel peridotite xenoliths from Tok, SE Siberian craton: Effects of pervasive metasomatism in shallow refractory mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 241, 47-64.

Ionov, D., et al. (2005), Lithospheric mantle beneath the south-eastern Siberian craton: petrology of peridotite xenoliths in basalts from the Tokinsky Stanovik, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 149(6), 647-665.

Ionov, D., et al. (2006), Os, Hf‚ Sr, Nd isotope and PGE systematics of spinel peridotite xenoliths from Tok, SE Siberian craton: effects of pervasive metasomatism in shallow refractory mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 241(1-2), 47-64.

Isozaki, Y.(1997)  Permo-Triassic boundary super-anoxia and stratified superocean: records from lost deep sea. Science 276, 235-238.

Ivanov A.V., S.V. Rasskazov, G.D. Feoktistov, H. He, A. Boven (2005) 40Ar/39Ar dating of Usol’skii sill in the south-eastern Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province: evidence for the long-lived magmatism. Terra Nova 17, 203-208. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2004.00588.x.

Ivanov and Balyshev (2005) Mass flux across the lower-upper mantle boundary: Vigorous, limited, or absent? in Plates, Plumes and Paradigms, GSA spec. paper 388, 327-346.

Ivanov, A. (2006), Will Russia pass on the great plume debate? (In Russian), Russian Geology, 47(3), 417-420.

Ivanov, A., and S. Balyshev (2005), Mass flux across the lower-upper mantle boundary: Vigorous, absent, or limited?, Plates, Plumes, and Paradigms, 327–346.

Ivanov, A., et al. (2005), 40Ar/39Ar dating of Usol’skii sill in the south-eastern Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province: evidence for long-lived magmatism, Terra Nova, 17(3), 203-208.

Jablonski, D. (1986) Background and mass extinctions – the alternation of macroevolutionary regimes. Science, v. 231, p. 129-133.

Jablonski, D. (2005) Mass extinctions and macroevolution, in Vrba, E.S., and Eldredge, N., eds., Macroevolution: diversity, disparity, contingency: Lawrence, KS, The Paleontological Society, p. 192-210.

Jin, Y.G., Wang, Y., Wang, W., Shang, Q. H., Cao, C.Q. and Erwin, D.H. (2000) Pattern of marine mass extinction near the Permian-Triassic boundary in South China. Science 289, 432-436.

Johnson, J.B., and Omland, K.S. (2004) Model selection in ecology and evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19, 101-108.

Jones, A.P., G.D. Price, N.J. Price, P.S. DeCarli, R.A. Clegg (2002) Impact induced melting and development of large igneous provinces. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 202, 551-561.

Jugo, P.J., Luth, R.W., and Richards, J.P. (2005) An experimental study of the sulfur content in basaltic melts saturated with immiscible sulfide or sulfate liquids at 1300 ºC and 1.0 GPa. Journal of Petrology 46, 783-798.

Jurine, D., Jaupart, C., Brandeis, G., Tackley, P.J. (2005) Penetration of mantle plumes through depleted lithosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 110, B10104, doi:10.1029/2005JB003751

Kaiho, K., et al. (2006), Close-up of the end-Permian mass extinction horizon recorded in the Meishan section, South China: Sedimentary, elemental, and biotic characterization and a negative shift of sulfate sulfur isotope ratio, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 239(3-4), 396-405.

Kaiho, K., Kajiwara, Y., Nakano, T., Miura, Y., Kawahata, H., Tazaki, K., Ueshima M., Chen Z., Shi G.R. (2001) End-Permian catrastrophe by a bolide impact:  Evidence of a gigantic release of sulfur from the mantle. Geology 29, 815-818.

Kajiwara Y., S. Yamakita, K. Ishida et al. (1994) development of a largely anoxic stratified ocean and its temporary massive mixing at the permian triassic boundary supported by the sulfur isotopic record. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 111(3-4), 367-379.

Kamo S.L., G. K. Czamanske, Y. Amelin, V. A. Fedorenko, D. W. Davis and V.R. Trofimov (2003) Rapid eruption of Siberian flood-volcanic rocks and evidence for coincidence with the Permian-Triassic boundary and mass extinction at 251 Ma. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 214, 75-91.

Kamo S.L., G.K. Czamanske, T.E. Krough (1996) A minimum U-Pb age for Siberian flood basalt volcanism. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 3505-3511.

Kamo, S., Crowley J., and Bowring, S.A (2006) The Permian-Triassic boundary event and eruption of the Siberian flood basalts: an inter-laboratory U-Pb dating study. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta  70(18), supplement 1, p.3.

Keays, R. (1995), The role of komatiitic and picritic magmatism and S-saturation in the formation of ore deposits, Lithos, 34(1-3), 1-18.

Kent R.W., N.C. Ghose, P.R. Paul, M.J. Hassan, A.D. Saunders (1992) Coal-magma interaction: an integrated model for the emplacement of cylindrical intrusions. Geol. Mag. 129(6), 753-762.

Kerp, H., Abu Hamad, A., Vörding, B., and Bandel, K., 2006, Typical Triassic Gondwanan floral elements in the Upper Permian of the paleotropics. Geology 34, 265-268.

Kiehl, J., and C. Shields (2005), Climate simulation of the latest Permian: Implications for mass extinction, Geology, 33(9), 757.

Kiessling, W., and Aberhan, M., 2007, Geographic distribution and extinction risk: lessons from Triassic-Jurassic marine benthic organisms. Journal of Biogeography 34, 1473-1489.

King, S. D. and D.L.Anderson (1995) An alternative mechanism of. flood basalt formation. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 136, 269-279.

Knoll, A., et al. (2007), Paleophysiology and end-Permian mass extinction, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 256(3-4), 295-313.

Knoll, A.H. (2003) Biomineralization and evolutionary history. Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 54, 329-356.

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